Through its research and surveillance systems, it provides reliable information about the population’s state of health, health determinants and risk prediction indicators, which allows public authorities to build their prevention and healthcare finance projects and to evaluate the effectiveness of these. It identifies the health services resource requirements and carries out healthcare economic analysis.
Epidemiology and Public Health
Epidemiology and Public Health unit has directed its development towards the following areas of activity:
- cross-disciplinary epidemiological studies of the general public,
- monitoring of cohorts,
- public health surveillance systems, particularly public health registers,
- clinical epidemiology research, in collaboration with clinicians.
Research themes related to diseases which are prevalent in Europe and Luxembourg:
- cerebro-cardiac and heart disease, and their risk factors: diabetes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, nutrition and physical activity,
- cancer and more notably, survival analysis compared with therapeutic models and procedures,
- neuro-degenerative diseases associated with ageing, such as Alzheimer's,
- mental health problems.
This research programmes are aimed at:
- measuring the prevalence and/or incidence of illnesses in the general population, as well as risk factors,
- identifying health determinants and particularly protecting factors,
- developing health risk indicators,
- pinpointing vulnerable groups of people
- measuring the accessibility and equality of access to healthcare,
- comparing the effectiveness of new therapeutic patient care models,
- evaluating the effectiveness of policies which have been implemented.
Health at all ages of life is measured and analysed: from the surveillance of antenatal care, to the health of young people or to that of adults and the elderly.
Established in 2004, the Epidemiology and Public Health unit is responsible for epidemiological studies and research on the general public, clinical epidemiological studies carried out in partnership with clinicians, public health surveillance registers, evaluation studies.
It leads observational epidemiological studies, interventional studies, particularly in terms of patient care models as well as cohort studies.
Some of its activities are financed by state authorities such as the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Social Security.
At the same time, the Epidemiology and Public Health unit launches research projects funded by European bodies, The National Research Fund or the Ministry for Higher Education and Research.